People and Languages
The population of Nepal is 30 million; the population comprises over 100 different races and castes, each with a distinctive lifestyle and cultural flavor speaking over 90 different language and dialects.
The Sherpa communities live mainly in the mountain region, more in the Solu Khumbu (Everest) region. They are best known ethnic group in tourism, as they have strength to live in high altitude since they are born and grown up. They follow the Buddhism.
Whereas Brahmins and Chhetris who are considered to be the elite group in Nepal as they are forward in education, government administration and policy making level. They are spread generally all over the country and follow Hinduism. They are also some mongoloid tribal groups, who follow Kirati religion.
The Newars constitute and important ethnic group in the capital city Kathmandu. Whereas the Gurung, Sunuwar, Rai, Limbu and Magars live mainly in the west and the southern slops and valleys of the eastern mid hills, the slopes of Annapurna, Himalchuli and Ganesh Himal range. The Magars, Sunuwar, Rai, Limbu and Gurungs are often known as Gurkha soldiers, as the large number of them have been recruited in Indian and British regiment.
Tamang are one of the largest Tibeto- Burman ethnic groups in Nepal, around half the Himalayan zone of Nepal is inhabited by Tamangs.
The Thakalis live mainly in Kali Gandaki valley of central Nepal; the Thakalis are a Tibeto Burman people who have become the entrepreneurs of Nepal. Originally Buddhist, many pragmatic Thakalis have now adopted Hinduism.
Tharus, Yadavs, Satar, Rajvanshis, and Dhimals are spread generally in the Tarai region. Tharus are one of the larges ethic group in Nepal.
It is said that over 90 different languages and dialects are spoken in Nepal. Despite having different diverse in languages and dialects, Nepali is the national language. Majority of Nepalese people speak Nepali. It is written in Devnagari script.